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Acts and Laws of Government of India to Protect the Environment

A good environment is a constitutional right of the Indian Citizen under the Right to Life (Article 21) and the protection of the environment is the fundamental duty of each citizen (Article 51A). Readings from the ancient Indian Law also provides an insight that environmental regulations have played a great role. Literature of the Gupta period had laws concerning forests which basically covered aspects regarding selling of trees, damaging forests, protection of wild life, forest reserves for wild life and fee for hunting.

The discussion of legislative framework in India may be divided into:

Common Law Principles
Legal Provisions prior to Independence
Substantive laws, after Independence
Procedural Laws
  
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http://coe.mse.ac.in 2003-09. Madras School of Economics - Systems Department