Projects subject to EIA
can be classified into three categories based on whether EIA is required
or not and who is responsible for the clearance.
Category 1 :
where EIA is mandatory and requires clearance from Central government As
of now, EIA clearance is required for 30 categories of industries from
the central government which can be broadly categorized under sectors of
industries, mining, thermal power plants, river valley, ports, harbours
and airports, communication, atomic energy, transport (rail, road,
highway), tourism (including hotels, beach resorts)
Category 2 :
Projects where EIA is mandatory and requires clearance from
State Governments (full EIA may not be required) The Central Government
has notified (dated 10 April 1997, No. S. O.319. E) that certain
category of thermal power plants namely all capacity cogeneration
plants, captive coal and gas/naphtha based power plants up to 250 MW,
coal based power plants up to 250 MW using conventional technologies,
coal based plants up to 500 MW using fluidized bed technology and
gas/naphtha based plants up to 500 MW require environmental clearance
from the state government. In case of pithead thermal power plants, the
applicant shall intimate the location of the project site to the state
government while initiating any investigation and surveys. Proposals
where forestland is a part of the project site need prior forestry
clearance before forwarding to MoEF for environmental clearance. In the
environmental clearance process, the documents to be submitted to MoEF
are project report, public hearing report, site clearance for site
specific projects, no objection certificate from State Pollution Control
Board (SPCB), environmental appraisal questionnaire, EIA/EMP report,
risk analysis for projects involving hazardous substance and
rehabilitation plans, if more than 1000 people are likely to be
Category 3 :
For these projects EIA is not necessary: Some of the projects that
come under this category include defense related road construction
projects in border areas, production of production of bulk drugs
based on genetically engineered organisms: Construction activities
related to the projects of Department of Atomic Energy (b) laying of
pipelines, conveying systems including transmission lines; (c)
facilities that are essential for activities permissible under CRZ-I;
Exploration and extraction of oil and natural gas is also permitted
between Low Tide Line (LTL) and High Tide Line (HTL) in areas, which
are not ecologically sensitive, pipeline projects; Facilities for
receipt and storage of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and facilities
for its re-gasification.
Category 1 - List of Projects
requiring Environmental Clearance from Central Government
Type of Project
Exemptions / Characteristics (if any)
Power and related projects e.g. Heavy Water Plants,
nuclear fuel complex, Rare Earths.
Valley Projects (Ex: Hydel Power, major Irrigation and
their combination including flood control)
||Except minor Ports
Refineries including crude and product pipelines
fertilizers, nitrogenous and phosphatic other than single
Complexes (both olefinic and aromatic) and petrochemical
intermediates such as DMT, caprolactam, LAB etc. and
production of basic plastics such as LLDPE, HDPE, PP and
drugs and pharmaceuticals
for oil and gas and their production, transportation and
and Asbestos products.
acid and its derivatives.
Primary metallurgical industries (such as production of
Iron and Steel, Aluminum, Copper, Zinc, Lead and Ferro
(b) Electric arc furnaces (Mini Steel Plants).
paint complex including manufacture of resins and basic
raw materials required in the manufacture of paints.
Staple fiber and filament yarn
batteries integrated with manufacture of oxides of lead
and lead antimony alloys.
meters of High Water Line and at locations with an
elevation of more than 1000 meters with investment of more
than Rs.5 crores.
||Only major minerals
with leases more than 5 hectares.
||** Except projects
relating to improvement work including widening and
strengthening of roads with marginal land acquisition
along the existing alignments provided it does not pass
through ecologically sensitive areas such as National
Parks, Sanctuaries, Tiger Reserves, Reserve Forests **
Roads in the Himalayas and or Forest areas.
Skins and Hides
paper and newsprint