EIA Guidelines for Project Proponents
The MoEF has prepared Environmental Guidelines, to help
the project proponents to work out an EIA. Guidelines have been
prepared to bring out specific information on the environment
required for environmental clearance. The agencies, which are
primarily responsible for the respective sectors are closely
involved in preparing the guidelines. River valley projects, thermal
power projects, mining projects and industries, ports and harbours,
development of beaches, highway/ railroad projects are the sectors
for which guidelines have already been prepared. These guidelines
basically consist of aspects regarding planning and implementation
of development projects. The majority of projects in India, which
require EIA's, are large developmental projects like nuclear power,
river valley, thermal power plants etc, where government plays an
MoEF has developed guidelines for the preparation of
EIA reports along with questionnaires and check lists for the
following sectors. In addition the MOEF has delineated several
Siting Criteria Delineated
by MOEF -
SC_MoEF.pdf (10.5 KB)
Checklist for Ecological
Impact Assessment -
EIA_Chklst.pdf (10.5 KB)
The critical issues focused in all these guidelines
Can the local environment cope with the
additional waste and pollution that the project will produce?
Will the project location conflict with the
nearby land use or preclude later developments in surrounding
Can the project operate safely without serious
risk of accidents or long- term health hazards?
How will the project affect economic activities
that are based on natural resources?
Is there sufficient infrastructure to support
How much of the resources (such as water, energy
etc) will the project consume, and are adequate supplies of
these resources available?
What kind of human resources will it require or
replace and what will be its social impacts in the
What damages will it inadvertently cause to the
national/regional assets such as natural resources, tourist
areas, or historic or cultural sites, etc? (UNEP 1988).